The IB Diploma Programme is an academically challenging program that prepares 11th and 12th graders at NOVA for the academic rigor of university studies and beyond. Diploma candidates select six courses at either higher or standard level in each of the five groups, thus ensuring breadth of experience in the languages, social studies, the experimental sciences and mathematics. The program has three core requirements: the Extended Essay (EE), the Theory of Knowledge (TOK) course, and Creativity, Activity, Service (CAS). Students may opt for the Course candidacy pathway, rather than the full diploma. IB learners are often seen as avid inquirers, thinkers, communicators, risk-takers; they are knowledgeable, principled, open-minded, caring, balanced and reflective students. The program is taught over two years and has gained the recognition of many of the world’s leading universities. NOVA offers a variety of subject choices in each of the subject groups. Course offerings may be subject to change, and an updated chart on offered courses can be found in the IB handbook.